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Gooseberry: cultivation and properties

Gooseberry: cultivation and properties

Gooseberry, from the family of Grossulariacee, genus Ribes, a plant that has berries like il Currant as we know it, but much larger, and with a different flavor. We know it for the delicacies that can be cooked there, but also as a base for jams and marmalades.

It is an interesting plant also for its being a plant, but if we are only interested in the fruits,Gooseberry, then the period to approach it is between June and August. So, here we go.

Gooseberry: cultivation

Since 1700, theGooseberry, the first official news comes from England, so it seems that from this island the various species of selected cultivars. Of all the countries, the one that most appreciated this plant was the Germany.

The optimal soil forGooseberry it is medium-textured, deep, rich in organic matter but if we live in areas where it is clayey and a little calcareous, we can still try, it should also tolerate these situations. We take into account that the optimal ph is 6.5, with high humidity and in general abundant water. Above all, it must never be missing during the flowering period and when the fruit grows until ripening.

As for fertilization, it must be abundant and pleasing additions of phosphorus and potassium. As the plants grow they need to be well supported and tied, they are not as robust and vigorous as currants.

Gooseberry: properties

It's a shrub 0.6 to 2 meters high, it has sturdy branches even if they do not stand alone if too long, and full of thorns that can measure even 1 cm. At the right moment, the flowers appear, single or in pairs or in trio, and then the fruits arrive, They are of the large spherical berries slightly elongated, the diameter can vary from species to species from 10 to 25 mm and the colors range from light green and acid to violet, passing through yellowish and pale red.

Even the fruits ofGooseberry like the flowers, they are found both singly and in pairs, the taste is sweet and not very sour, many like it but not everyone. There gooseberry peel it is semi transparent and you can see both the seeds and the vascularity network of the pulp, especially that the color tends to white.

Red Gooseberry

Among the various types of Gooseberry there are some with red or reddish fruit, among these are the Poorman, of American origin, with not very large fruits and used in the syrup fruit industry, or the Winham Industry. This Red Gooseberry instead it is English, its berries are oblong in shape and large, the color tends to purple just like those of the Josta type, widespread in Holland and very vigorous.

One of the peculiar characteristics of red gooseberries is the high sensitivity to powdery mildew, to combat it should be used synthetic specific antioid products. A problem that affects all plants of Gooseberry and not only the red, it is the sensitivity to sulfur that also causes the stopping of the vegetation and damage to the leaves.

White gooseberry

The other color of the berries of this plant is white. Not really white but greenish, yellowish, and various similar shades. For example, there isGooseberry Careless, from England, with large green berries, the White Smith, also English but with more yellow fruits, and the Leveller, similarly English and "yellow".

A white variety and very popular because it is more resistant to powdery mildew than the others is Pax, without thorns and with a fruit that is also of good flavor. In general between the various cultivars of gooseberries the European ones are more sensitive to powdery mildew and less rustic than the American ones, then there are some coming from various parts of the world and that adapt well to our climate.

An Indian Thorn

Commonly known as Alma, scientifically defined Phyllanthus Emblica L., theIndian gooseberry it has antiviral and antimicrobial properties as well as beneficial effects on a nutritional level. You can read about it in detail in the dedicated article: "Amla: ownership

Gooseberry: jam

As I initially mentioned, one of the uses and reasons for growing theGooseberry is related to production of jams. We find the fruits also sold fresh but they are not always appreciated, while they meet greater approval if processed and canned or as the main ingredient of jellies and fruit salads.

It is a question of taste, sweetish, but also of properties that these berries have: it is in fact proven that they play one diuretic and laxative action, mild but which can be used for those suffering from mild constipation. In addition, the juice is used for gargling in case of inflammation of the oral cavity, there is also the urban legend to be verified, that theGooseberry is a remedy for the rheumatic pains and gout.

Gooseberry: recipes

The recipes that see the protagonist are mainly desserts'Gooseberry. My favorite, also for its simplicity, is that of the cake. As ingredients, in addition to 600 grams of gooseberry, you need flour, butter, sugar, aniseed liqueur, 4 eggs, 3 dl of cream and dry biscuits. It starts by assembling 200 g of flour with 150 g of butter, adding 50 g of sugar, 2 egg yolks, 3 small glasses of liqueur.

Once you have a soft dough, put it covered in the fridge for 30 minutes and then roll it out in a circular shape and line with it a mold already prepared, greased and sprinkled with cookie crumbs. Arranged the edges, folding them, and pierced the bottom, we spread again, but on top, crumbled biscuits and gooseberry first washed is marinade with liqueur.

Cooking at 200 ° can last about 20 minutes, while this time passes we prepare one cream with beaten eggs, 75 g of sugar and cream, and pour it over the part of the cake taken out of the oven and then put everything back to cook for 20 minutes at 190 °.

Gooseberry and Red Gooseberry: where to buy it

To buy gooseberry plants, and to be able to make a zero kilometer cake, you can easily find online for 7 and a half euros. the white one be the Red one.

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Video: AMLA - How to grow and care Amla tree or Indian Gooseberry plant. Garden Tips in English (October 2021).