Soil for plants: how to choose the most suitable soil according to the needs of our plant. Soil for succulents, orchids, geraniums, bonsai soil or universal soil.
Choose thetopsoilwhere plants live better is important and avoids the risk of disease. You cannot buy a soil at random if you have decided to do a repotting. It is important to remember that any newly purchased plant must be repotted as soon as possible. When repotting or at the time of the first planting, we must respect the needs of the plant species and choose the most suitable soil. The plant species are innumerable, on this page we will limit ourselves to seeing the most common ones for the plants that are most commonly grown at home.
Soil for succulents
Thesoil for succulentsorsoil for succulent plantsit is given by a more complex mixture. You can buy specific soil for succulents on the market or do it yourself at home.
The soil for grass plantsisit consists of universal soil mixed with river sand and possibly peat. Peat is needed for acidophilic succulents or succulent plants with special needs. For the usefulness of peat in the composition of a soil for plants, we invite you to read the last paragraph of this page.
Repotting period: the repotting of succulents is usually done in the spring.
Soil for acidophilic plants
In this paragraph we will talk about suitable soil for acipodyl plants, so:
The complete list of acidophilic plants is available on the pageAcidophilic plants, list and care. We recommend consulting this page especially for those looking for asoil for bonsai. The white maple, the red maple, the Japanese maple as well as the palmate maple, are plants also grown as bonsai. A bonsai has the same nutritional needs as the sapling plant.
Acidophilic plants need atopsoilwith a pH below 5.5. For this reason we recommend buying a specific soil with an acid pH reaction. The soil for acidophilic plants must be added to the potting soil or to the foot of plants grown in the ground, it is used for repotting and its pH reaction must be maintained. Those who irrigate acidophilic plants with tap water risk altering the reaction of the soil making it alkaline. To avoid problems related to ferric chlorosis or other imbalances triggered by a soil pH that is too high, we invite you to read the instructions on the pageirrigation of acidophilic plants.
Theuniversal soilit is a mixture of different elements. Each producer uses his own composition, however, generally, the blend ofuniversal soilincludes items such as
- moor soil
- crushed expanded clay
These substrates are mixed together so as to form a fertile and permeable soil, suitable for providing the right nutrients to the plants. The universal soil can be used when repotting houseplants and added to the soil of the garden or vegetable garden when planting trees or shrubs in not particularly rich soils. If the soil is not fertile, the universal soil can be added at the same time to well-mature compost and manure during soil preparation work, using the deep digging technique.
Peat, what is it
Often, we recommend adding peat to plant soil. Peat is an organic material that is obtained from the decomposition of mosses and marshy plants. It is an inert compound so it does not fertilize the soil but regulates the pH reaction and the structural characteristics.
Peat is obtained from natural deposits called peat bogs. Therepeatis added to thesoil for plantsto modify its reaction and structure. Peat is useful for the soil because it has a pH of about 3.5. It is fibrous, light and spongy but when quickly wet it does not retain water.