Therechia plantis known for itspropertynutritional and beneficial. All the advice for its cultivation and information on the nutritional properties and benefits related to the consumption of its seeds.
ThereSalvia Hispanica, better known asChia plant, has formidable seeds: they can be grown easily, are rich in omega 3 and excellent in the kitchen.
Characteristics of the Chia plant, Salvia Hispanica
ThereSalvia Hispanicais a plant belonging to the Labiatae family, native to Mexico and Guotemala. Its cultivation adapts to the Mediterranean climate but only with precautions; nothing prevents us fromcultivate chiain the home garden but only in Southern Italy. Those who live in the North are forced to grow chia in pots.
Therechia plantit is very old: it is supposed that its cultivation was practiced since the Aztecs. Chia seeds are consumed whole or in flour. The seeds are characterized by dark shades and more or less marked greyish spots.
Chia flowers: chia blooms from July until late September. It reaches a height of one and a half meters and its flowers are hermaphroditic, that is, they have male and female organs.
How to grow chia plants
Therecultivation of chiait does not include special techniques, it is possible grow chia plants in the most diverse soils, even in clayey ones or with basic pH. The plant's only need is exposure: it prefers sunny areas and mild temperatures.
Chia cultivation, sowing
Sow Chia in a protected environment, from the beginning of March.
The sowing soil must be kept slightly moist until complete germination. After this stage, thechia plantsthey do not need abundant irrigation: just wet the soil two or three times a week.
Cultivation of chia in pots
Chia plants can be grown in large containers. The containers should not be very deep but wide in order to maximize seed production. Broadcast sowing in pots and build a greenhouse to encourage germination.
Chia plants prefer rich and well-drained soil, to get it, add river sand mixed with peat to the classic universal soil. With thecultivation in pots, thechia, needs more frequent irrigation.
Who wantscultivate chiain northern Italy, he will have to place the pots in a sheltered position: chia cannot tolerate particularly harsh winters or frequent frosts.
With the arrival of winter, collect thechia plantssheltered: the plant thrives well with temperatures above 15 ° C, so when the temperatures drop, bring the pots inside by placing them in a very bright area.
Therepottingof thechiamust be operated after 2 or 3 years from the first planting.
For allcareto be dedicated toSalvia Hispanicawe refer you to the page: Chia, cultivation of the plant. On this page, from now on, we will focus on yoursbeneficial properties.
Chia, beneficial properties
The seeds ofchiathey are rich in Omega 3 and bioflavonoids, these are substances with a high antioxidant power. Chia can also be consumed by those suffering fromceliac disease o gluten intolerance: chia seeds, in fact, are gluten-free.
Therechiait is an excellent vegetable source of calcium: it provides 177 mg of calcium for every 100 grams of product. It has a good content of vitamin C (higher than that of oranges), a good supply of potassium and iron and sees a fair presence of other mineral salts such as zinc, magnesium and selenium.
Among the vitamins contained in chia seeds, in addition to C, we point out vitamins A, E and B6, niacin, riboflavin and thiamine, also known as Vitamin B1. Chia has a fair amount of protein, especially rich in amino acids such as methionine, cysteine and lysine.