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Donkey: character, breeds and nutrition

Donkey: character, breeds and nutrition


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Ass, not at school but in the green, in nature or on farms. We find this mammal, of the order of Perissodactyls, of the Equidae family, also called Asinus Domesticus, also in Pet Therapy centers. It has nothing to envy, in terms of effectiveness, strength and endurance, to the horse, from which it differs for various reasons. For example, the donkey is shorter, e he has a heavy head, thick lips and long ears. The rump of this quadruped is narrow and sloping but the limbs go down thin and dry. The hair, even just to the eye, is different from that of a horse, less abundant and coarser, as is the mane. And it doesn't take a musician's ear to notice that the donkey bray is unique, well recognizable and very noisy.

Donkey: character

The clichés have attached to this animal the label of stubborn, unreasonable and even a little dull animal, but this is not true at all. They are clichés to "kick" because this equine far from being stubborn, stupid or lazy, he is simply and slow moving, patient and with a controlled character.

He may seem surly, and instead it is enough to overcome that minimum of distrust he shows and then he will prove himself sociable, meek, but fond of company both ours of other donkeys, and of other animals that cannot pose a danger to him. Because he is a mild but very cautious type.

Female donkey

The female has a plus value compared to the male. It is not a feminist question, but simply biological: it is she who makes the milk and the donkey milk it has always been appreciated both for its medicinal qualities and for its high digestibility.

This aspect has not escaped the farmers who have in fact re-evaluated the donkey preferring it to other animals for the milk it can produce. Thanks to its particular composition, in fact, compared to that of cow, sheep and goat, it is much more like human breast milk.

Returning to the life of the donkey, and not seeing it only as a mere producer of milk, it must be said that the first heat cycle at one year of age and her pregnancy lasts 365 days.

Donkey: breeds

We talked about breeding for the production of donkey milk, but historically, these animals were especially appreciated as fighting companions. In fact, some time ago we saw mules to be assigned to the army, usually they were breeds like those of donkeys of Martina Franca, the Ragusa area and the French one Poitou.

The domestic donkey descends from the African wild (Equus asinus africanus) who lived on the coasts of eastern-northern Africa and still lives in Syria, Mesopotamia, Afghanistan, Persia and Russia. Two species would then have arisen but only one has resisted and today gives us theEquus asinus taeniopus, about 1,25 meters tall at the withers, it lives near the Red Sea and also in Ogaden and Danakil.

THE first domesticated donkeys they were those of Numidia, in Europe they arrived in the Neolithic while in Asia they coexist with other very similar equine species such as the Hermione (Equus hermionus) and the Onagro (Equus onage).

Donkey: feeding

He is not stubborn, but neither is he pretentious and demanding. He doesn't even stick to the menu this meek animal that grazes and grazes. The important thing is that it does not run out of grass or hay even if it does not hide that it has a strong preference for the late or second cut. The straw it's fine to feed it, but it should be integrated with mineral salt for horses to lick and with water.

Sardinian donkey

We talk a lot about Sardinian donkey which almost looks like a mythological figure, instead it is only ancient because this animal has inhabited the island for centuries. The Sardinian-Punic people have begun to take it seriously breeding activity both for use in the fields and for transport.

To make Sardinian unmistakable, there are some details that catch the eye even to non-experts: a crusade mulina line, a sorcino cloak lighter on the abdomen, funny dark circles and in general a size "S" compared to other Italian donkeys.

Traveling around Sardinia we can hear him calling burriku, in the southern regions, poleddu and ainu, in Barbagia and in the Goceano area, and molente, due to its use linked to the milling of wheat. The character of the Sardinian is quite similar to that of his other colleagues, but he is particularly lively and rustic, in fact it is known to be suitable for the soma, so well known that even abroad they envy us.

Laughing donkey

It is a joke, a way of saying, but as often happens, a grain of truth exists behind what appear to be clichés. Again, laughing donkey, reminds us how this animal is one of the most suitable for pet therapy.

It is called in onotherapy, that with donkeys, and is a technique based on the physical and behavioral characteristics of the donkey, particularly suitable for the rehabilitation and treatment of handicaps, but for those who find themselves unable to overcome relationship and socialization problems. There is the Donkey that laughs, and that helps.

Donkey drawing

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